The Use of Technology in Agriculture

The Use of Technology in Agriculture

The technology of agriculture is an implementation of applied science and techniques to the activity of agriculture. Some experts define agricultural technology as the application of both mathematical and scientific principles in order to empower agricultural and natural resources economically for the prosperity of human beings.
Agriculture is a field needed by the public, especially when we look at its role in supporting and fulfilling the people’s basic needs. The human cannot survive without food, and thus need productive agriculture which yields much grain for fulfilling their need.
The world of agriculture has been equipped with technology-based equipment, from agricultural equipment, high-yielding variety of seeds, to modern cultivation. The presence of technology in agriculture has been proved to increase the productivity of a country. Let’s take The United States of America as an example. The development of technology in this country has advanced and progressed significantly.
Since the 19th century, machineries and agricultural technology have been invented and developed. Despite so, the significant advance of technology does not make American people leave agriculture. Otherwise, the world of agriculture in America becomes more advanced. The invented machineries and technologies are optimized to increase the amount and quality of the yields.

Some Technology-Based Equipment for Agriculture
The equipment of agriculture have been modernized. This modernization has made a modern tractor can work as a tool which carries other functions such as being a hoeing machine, a manure giver, a planter, a cutter, and a harvester. With the presence of these modern machineries, agricultural activities can be performed more effectively and efficiently. Farmers sometimes also use mini-plane to pesticide their fields.
Here are some examples of technology development for to improve agriculture.

1. Rice Transplanter

Rice transplanter functions to ease the process of cultivating rice, in a short time. One can plant on a hectare of the land in one hour, much faster than being done by human, which may take 3-4 day long with the same size of land. The modernization of equipment has also been done for rice harvesting. The use of combine harvester, which can cut rice much faster than using manual way, is one of the examples. By using this machine, one-hectare-sized land can be harvested fully only in two hours. However, if you do it manually using your hand it will take 3-4 days. The use of this machine can also prevent the rice from being damaged and make it better than when you use manual tool such as ani-ani (a traditional Javanese tool) or sickle.

2. Sensor Technology

Sensor technology has widely been involved in the world of agriculture, from horticultural agriculture to animal husbandry. This technology can give concrete and real time data for farmers. Sensor technology which has been developing is the sensor technology for the plants which makes use of drone to obtain various data, such as data about the growth of pest, plant sickness, and other related problems.
This technology has been much developed in plantation of horticulture plant in a great scale. With this technology, the use of pesticide and other chemical material ban be more well-directed and efficient, so that the negative effect towards the environment can be reduced.

3. Automatic Technology

The use of this automatic technology has been widely developed for agriculture yields. One example of this technology is the automatic tractor, which has been developed since 1997. The application of automatic technology usually involves some computer programs with agriculture equipment. The use of this technology is still in a simple way; however, the more sophisticated and complicated automatic system has been developed in the Netherlands.
Eldert Van Henten developed detection technology and automatic cultivation tool for pears, banana, and peach, in Wageningen University, Netherlands. This tool can detect the pigment level of a chlorophyll and anthocyanin by means of a tool embedded to the observed fruits. In addition, this tool is also equipped with color combination detector camera (RGB) to observe the depth of a color so that the size of fruit can be identified.
When the data has shown that the fruits are already ripe, this tool will do its task of cultivating the fruits only in 2 seconds. The good part is that the whole data about the health of the fruit and plant, the level of the ripeness, and other status will be integrated to the Smartphone so that it can be monitored in real time way. With this technology, the efficiency will increase, and the punctuality will be maintained.

4. Aeroponics Technology

Aeroponically-grown kale at The Land

Urban farming and agro home have become with various commodity, beginning from horticultural plant (fruits, vegetables, decorated plants, and medicinal plants, crops, fishery, animal husbandry, to forestry. Both trends have been categorized to urban agriculture. In this modern era, urban agriculture has been affected by technology. Some of the well-known techniques in society include hydroponic, verticulture, and aeroponics. Aeropnonics is a cultivation system which is based on fogging system. The most common plant material used in aeroponics comes from the micro cuttings and plant tissue isolation method. The advantage of this plant cultivation using aeroponics is the high quality yields, water-saving, and land space saving.

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