What is 5G internet technology


"Fifth-generation / 5G cellular internet" which is very fast and is being discussed in the world because of controversy because it was developed by a Chinese company. Huawei Technologies, which is suspected of being a tool for the Chinese government to spy on other countries.

However, do you know what 5G internet technology is?
Quoted by the BBC, 5G internet technology is the latest generation of internet networks, which promises download speeds of 10 to 20 times faster than the internet speed available now and is likely to be launched in early 2019 in several countries.

What exactly is 5G internet technology?
As explained above, 5G internet technology is fifth generation cellular internet connectivity that promises a much faster download and upload speed, wider coverage, and more stable connections.
This network utilizes the radio spectrum better and allows more devices to be able to access the cellular internet at the same time.

What can be done with 5G?
" Whatever we do now with our cell phones, we will most likely improve," said Ian Fogg of Open Signal, a phone information investigation organization.
"Think of smart glasses that feature augmented reality (AR), mobile virtual reality, higher quality videos, and the internet that makes cities smarter.

But what's really interesting is all the new services that will be built that we can't predict before. "
With the use of 5G, it is possible that humans can make a group of drones work together to carry out search and rescue missions, fire assessments and traffic monitoring, all of which communicate wirelessly with each other and land base stations via the 5G network.

Many also consider 5G to be very important for autonomous vehicles (self-driving) to be able to communicate with each other and read maps directly and traffic data.
In fact, mobile games will be more smoothly played, with less delay or latency, which can be easily used simply by pressing the button on the controller and seeing the effect on the screen. Cellular video and video calls will be clearer and more uninterrupted.

How does it work?
There are a number of new technologies that might be implemented, but the standards have not been established for all 5G protocols. Higher frequency bands, 3.5GHz (gigahertz) to 26GHz and higher than that, have a lot of capacity but shorter wavelengths can mean lower range. This allows the current network to be more easily blocked by physical objects.

Therefore the creation of new technology is likely to be applied, for example by making several smaller telephone poles, which are placed closer to the ground to transmit what is referred to as a "millimeter wave" between a much higher number of transmitters and receivers. This will allow higher usage densities.

Unfortunately, technology is expensive and telecommunications companies have not fully committed to developing it. A fitness device that can be worn with a 5G network can monitor the health of its users directly, notify doctors immediately after an emergency.

Is 5G internet technology very different from 4G?
The answer to that question is "yes". 5G is truly new radio technology, but initially, 5G is likely to only be used by network operators as a way to increase the capacity on existing 4G (LTE - Long-Term Evolution) networks, to ensure more consistent service for customers.
The speed obtained by the user will also depend on which spectrum band the operator uses to run 5G technology and depends on the number of funds the operator invests in the new pole and transmitter.

How fast is the 5G rate?
The fastest 4G cellular network currently offers an average of around 45Mbps (megabits per second), although the industry still hopes to reach 1Gbps (gigabit per second = 1,000Mbps).
Chip maker Qualcomm thinks 5G can achieve search speeds and downloads around 10 to 20 times faster in real-world conditions. But the statement contradicts the results of current research.
With 5G, users are likely to be able to download high-definition movies in just one minute or more.
There is also a type of Standalone 5G network which is expected to have a very high frequency of 30GHz, but unfortunately, this network is certain to not be available in several years.

Why is 5G needed?
The world continues to change and humanity consumes more data every year, especially as the popularity of streaming video and music increases. The existing spectrum band is getting denser, which causes damage in services, especially when many people in the same area try to access cellular services online at the same time.
5G is much better at handling thousands of devices simultaneously, from cellphones to sensor equipment, video cameras to smart street lights.

When will 5G be used?
Most nations are probably not going to dispatch 5G benefits before 2020, yet Ooredoo Qatar says it has propelled business administrations, while South Korea expects to dispatch it one year from now, with three of its greatest system administrators consenting to begin in the meantime. China likewise contends to dispatch benefits in 2019.
Meanwhile, regulators around the world are busy auctioning off the spectrum for telecommunications companies, which have experimented with cellphone makers that load the new service.

Does using a 5G network mean that you need a new phone?
It seems like that. But when 4G was introduced in 2009/2010, compatible smartphones were launched into the market before the infrastructure was fully completed, causing some consumers to feel disadvantaged due to having to pay dearly while the network was being developed.
This time, said Ian Fogg, cellphone makers cannot make the same mistake, and only launch 5G phones only when the new network is ready, which might be done towards the end of 2019. The next generation of mobile phones will be able to switch networks automatically between 4G and 5G networks to produce more stable service.

Does this mean the end for home or office telephone services?
Does not seem. Telecommunications companies have invested too much in optical fiber and wireless broadband copper cables to develop it quickly. Domestic broadband services and offices will be fixed lines for the next few years, although wireless access will still be available.
Even as good as any wireless connectivity, many still prefer the stability and certainty of physical networks.

Will 5G function in rural areas?
Lack of signal and low data rates in rural areas are common complaints in the UK and many other countries.
But 5G does not necessarily solve this problem because it will operate in high-frequency bands that have many capacities but cover shorter distances. 5G will principally be an urban administration for thickly populated territories.

Lower frequency bands (usually 600-800Mhz) are better at longer distances so network operators will concentrate on increasing their 4G LTE coverage in parallel with the launch of 5G.

This certainly can be used as a business opportunity for operators who want to expand their network coverage in remote areas, which have not been reached by the internet.

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