Various Versions Of The Latest Android OS 2019 And Their Strengths

Various Versions Of The Latest Android OS 2019 And Their Strengths

Android is the operating system of the most widely used Linux-based smartphone in the world. Because it is open source, the Android operating system is widely used in almost all Smartphone brands such as Asus, Samsung, Xiaomi, Huawei, Oppo, Vivo, and others. Because it is widely used in various Smartphone brands with different segments, Android is the most popular operating system today. Android often competes with the iOS operating system specifically designed for Apple Smartphones.

Android is the same as iOS because it is designed specifically for smartphones with touch screens. To navigate and select the menu you can by pressing gesture, swipe, tap, or pinch. Android provides an application store called Play Store. Through the application store, you can search and install various applications and games on your Android Smartphone. Most applications and games on the Play Store are free. So you don't need to spend money to use it, just provide enough data quota.

History of the Android Operating System

Android was first established in 2003 by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White. Android was created to rival operating systems that were popular at the time such as Symbian and Windows Mobile. At the beginning of its formation, the Android operating system had experienced ups and downs. Until August 2005, Google officially acquired Android and made it a subsidiary wholly owned by Google.

The Android team led by Andy Rubin then developed Android so that it can run on a Linux Kernel-based mobile device platform. Through Android, Google plans to enter the world smartphone market. Until finally in October 2008, Google officially introduced a Smartphone product with its first Android operating system in collaboration with HTC, the HTC Dream. After that, in 2010, Google officially released the Nexus, a Smartphone with an Android operating system produced by 3 partners namely HTC, LG, and Samsung.

After the Android operating system became popular, more and more world-famous Smartphone brand companies began to be interested in making Smartphones with these operating systems. Because it is Open Source, many of the world's Smartphone manufacturers can freely develop the capabilities of this operating system. In the end, until now the Android operating system is the most developed operating system and has many innovative features rather than iOS.

The order of the Android Operating System Version from Old to the Latest

Since it was first introduced in 2008, the Smartphone operating system of a million people, Android often releases the latest Android versions. Every new Android version certainly has new features and bug fixes from its predecessor. In addition, each version of Android has a different interface (UI) so that it is a characteristic that is inherent in each version.
In addition, Google also provides a unique naming on every new Android version. Starting from the Android 1.5 to the latest version 9.0 each version is named dessert or sweet snacks such as cakes, sweets, and so on. Not only that, but the naming also follows an alphabetical order starting from C, D, E, F, and so on. The following is the order of the Android operating system along with the version name, features, and advantages:

1. Android OS Version 1.5 Cupcake



Cupcake Android operating system is the first generation Android to be launched commercially. This operating system is also the first time given the name of a cake or sweet snack. The earliest version of the operating system has features that are fairly common today such as widgets, auto-rotate, and virtual keyboards to make it easier for users to type and customize the keyboard. You could say Android Cupcake only has basic Android features.

2. Android OS Version 1.6 Donut



After Cupcake, Google gave the name Donut to the latest version of the Android operating system. In this version, Google has to embed advanced features such as text to sound scanning machines. In addition, there is also CDMA support and battery usage indicators. In general, the updates available on Donut Android are just adding a few features and fixing bugs.

3. Android OS Version 2.0 Eclair



Android Eclair is an Android version that is prepared for the smart smartphone of the future. This operating system has been provided with support for camera features such as flash, focus, and color effects. In addition, in terms of the appearance of this operating system also looks fresh with the addition of the Live Wallpaper feature that can be said because of their time.

4. OS Android Version 2.2 Frozen Yogurt (Froyo)



Given the popularity of Android which is growing rapidly, Google has again released many new features in the latest Android version, Froyo or short for Frozen Yogurt. This Android version has significant performance and optimization. There are also features that are quite innovative at the time, such as USB tethering, portable WiFi Hotspot, and push notification. In this version, users can also move large application data to external memory.

5. Android Version 2.3 Gingerbread OS



You could say, Android Gingerbread is the culmination of the popularity of Android. This version attracts a lot of attention from the world public who previously had iOS, Blackberry, or still using feature phones. At Gingerbread, the appearance of Android is made more simple and intuitive. In addition, there is also an NFC feature for modern payment systems.

6. Android OS Version 3.0 Honeycomb



Not many know about the presence of the Honeycomb Android version. This is because the operating system is only for tablet devices. The Honeycomb operating system has several excellent features including the System Bar, support for multi-core processors, and a home screen or home screen that can be freely customized.

7. OS Android Version 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich



After launching Honeycomb, Google feels that releasing an Android operating system that is separate from smartphones and tablets is quite troublesome. Therefore, through Ice Cream Sandwich, Google reunites the Android operating system on smartphones and tablets into one. Because it is merged into one again, to optimize the operating system will be easier. Android Ice Cream Sandwich or abbreviated as ICS has a superior feature of Android Beam that allows users to transfer data quickly via NFC.

8. Android OS Version 4.1 Jelly Bean




Not many new features offered on Android Jelly Bean compared to its predecessor (ICS). Google only focuses on improving the performance and security of the Android operating system in this version. Even if there is a new feature in Jelly Bean, it supports 4K UHD image content and emoji support.

9. Android OS Version 4.4 KitKat



KitKat's Android operating system brings a lot of significant improvements. In this version, Google focuses on increasing the user experience of Android users by increasing the performance of its operating system. As a consequence of increasing this user experience, the user cannot move the application data to external memory. This is because to get a faster application performance all the data needed must be in internal memory.
In addition, the minimum RAM limit is also increased to 512MB. In this way, Google and Android both hope that users can enjoy a mobile computing experience that is equally good if supported by a capable operating system and hardware.

10. Android OS Version 5.0 Lollipop




Many had hoped that Google and Android would make the interface (UI) newer and fresher on the latest Android version. But unfortunately, when the Lollipop version was launched, many users who saw no significant changes in terms of appearance. The appearance of the Lollipop Android UI is actually considered boring. If there are new features present and most striking is the ability to see notifications when the screen is locked (lock screen).

11. OS Android Version 6.0 Marshmallow



To end the disappointment of Android users of Lollipop, Android released a new operating system, Marshmallow. This operating system brings many new, more sophisticated features. Some of the new features in Marshmallow include: Doze to save battery, support for fingerprint sensors to unlock the screen, support for USB type C, and Multi-Window trial feature so that users can use 2 different applications in 1 screen.

12. Android OS 7.0 Version of Nougat



The Nougat operating system is a development from Marshmallow. This Android version brings increased performance and a more intuitive interface. In addition, the Multi-Window feature that is still in the previous trial stage is now perfect and supports more applications. With this feature, users can use 2 applications simultaneously, for example watching YouTube while replying to WhatsApp messages.

13. OS Android Version 8.0 Oreo




Oreo's Android display is very different from its predecessor. The appearance of the UI in the Oreo version is now more neat and fresh. The interface is more focused to make it easier for users to access the application and look for the information needed. There are also new features such as Notification Dots, Picture in Picture, Autofill to make it easier to fill out online forms, emojis, and much more.

14. OS Android Version 9.0 Pie



The latest Android version with the name Pie Pie brings a new leap in the history of Smartphone operating systems. Android Pie has been supported by the ability of artificial intelligence (AI). Thanks to AI, Android smartphones are getting smarter because they can learn usage patterns automatically. Android Pie can adjust battery consumption with your daily routine. The application displayed on the main page can also be adjusted to what applications are used most often and are useful when carrying out daily activities. Android Pie can also analyze Smartphone usage time and remind you if you use the Smartphone too long.


The Android operating system has more or less 10 years mastered the world of smart smartphones in the world. Thanks to this operating system everyone can enjoy easier and cheaper communication. The order of the Android operating system from the beginning to the latest each has advantages over its competitors in its time. If asked which version is the best Android version? The answer is, of course, the most recent one is Android 9.0 Pie. The most recent Android certainly has all the features available in previous versions. In addition, the latest Android version must have fixed a bug or error in the previous operating system version.

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